For those hoping to pursue a career in science, the broad field of study offers a wealth of choices. In the public and commercial sectors worldwide, one can study a wide range of career pathways, from medical science to information technology. There are countless areas to research when it comes to science and technology specialization. One such course is STEM, which includes four of the most popular courses available in science, technology, engineering, and math. Here is a thorough blog to assist you in learning about the various facets of STEM courses if you’re looking to pursue them in the USA.
Meaning Of STEM
Numerous degrees in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and math are referred to as STEM courses. Since its inception, colleges all over the world have begun integrating STEM courses into their curricula in an effort to increase the number of international students they enroll. By giving students a place to explore their potential and enthusiasm in the study of science, these courses hope to foster young minds and boost the proportion of women enrolled in tech-related courses.
STEM-related careers are regarded as some of the most well-liked and lucrative ones. The USA has been a leader in these fields on a global scale, and American colleges are incorporating such technical programs into their academic curricula in order to maintain this position of prominence in the global economy. In the USA, STEM courses serve as the fundamental building blocks for technical and scientific advances that might enhance quality of life.
Eligibility Requirements To Study STEM Courses In The U.S
Each university and course establishes its own eligibility standards. Every applicant must meet prerequisites such as a USA student visa, an English proficiency score, and academic qualifications. The following are the requirements for STEM courses in the United States:
- Applicant must have a 3- 4 year bachelor degree in the field of STEM
- Applicant must have acquired F-1 USA student visa status
- Applicants have to submit all the mandatory documents
- Applicant should check beforehand if they are eligible for STEM OPT
- GMAT/GRE scores are required along with English proficiency tests like IELTS, TOFEL, PTE
Documents Required To Study STEM Courses In The U.S
The following is a list of the documentation you will need to study STEM courses in the United States. They are as follows:
- Passport scanned copy
- SOP (Statement of Purpose).
- Official transcripts and mark sheets of school and college
- Two Reference Letters
- Scores in English language proficiency tests
- Resume or CV
- LOR (Letter of Recommendation).
- Translation of degree certificate in case it is in any other language (not in English)
STEM Courses To Study In The US
1. Industrial Engineering
Manufacturing operations are the focus of Industrial Engineering. It comprises applying scientific and mathematical ideas to simplify industrial systems involving materials, information, and energy. Industrial engineers can operate in the development and maintenance sectors of company. In the manufacturing industry, certain rules are followed to ensure the effective and efficient flow of systems, processes, and operations. Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve, and Control (DMAIC), Lean Manufacturing, Process Capability, Information Systems, and Six Sigma are some of these principles.
Industrial Engineering Employment Prospects And Their Average Yearly Income Ranges
- Reliability Engineer: $110,324 per year.
- Research And Development Engineer: $105,383 per year.
- Solutions Engineer: $141,365 per year.
- Senior Industrial Engineer: $121,653 per year.
- Sales Engineer: $125,311 per year.
2. Health And Safety Engineering
The goal of health and safety engineering is to keep people safe. They combine health and engineering expertise to create processes and concepts that help safeguard individuals from illness and injury, as well as properties from damage. They work in offices and occasionally visit job sites
Health And Safety Engineering Employment Prospects And Their Average Yearly Income Ranges
- Management Consultant: $137,768 per year
- Quality Lead: $110,351 per year
- System Safety Engineer: $118,632 per year
- Risk Management Consultant: $151,311 per year
- Process Safety Engineer: $104,645 per year.
3. Marine Engineering
Mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, electronic engineering, and computer science are all used in marine engineering. It comprises the development, design, operation, and upkeep of watercraft propulsion and ocean systems. Construction of propulsion plants, machinery, pipelines, automation, and control systems for many types of marine vehicles, as well as coastal and offshore constructions, is included.
Marine Engineering Employment Prospects And Their Average Yearly Income Ranges
- Marine Engineer: $101,523 per year
- Engineer: $103,795 per year
- Building Engineer: $64,073 per year
- Process Engineer: $96,721 per year
- Design Engineer: $104,219 per year
4. Computer Information System
Computer Information System is a blend of a general review of computer science concepts and how organizations can use computing systems to work optimally and profitably. A computer Information System professional earns an average yearly pay of $99,327.
5. Geographic Information Science
Geographic information science is concerned with the application of physical and human geography. It investigates geographic data and describes how it represents occurrences in the real world. It also symbolizes how humans perceive the world and how it can be recorded, arranged, and studied. A geographic information science specialist’s annual pay is $70,443.
6. Environmental Engineering
Environmental engineering and environmental science are intertwined. It aims to increase living creatures’ health and the overall condition of the environment. Issues like as global warming, climate change, pollution, and so on are some of the elements that have given origin to and made this course relevant. Businesses look for environmental engineers to assist them in developing a system that will allow them to appropriately dispose of garbage and hazardous materials without negatively impacting people or the environment at large.
Environmental Engineering Employment Prospects And Their Average Yearly Income Ranges
- Senior Environmental Engineer: $109,944 per year.
- Water/Wastewater Engineer: $81, 588 per year.
- Safety Engineer: $95, 611 per year.
- Water Resources Engineer: $99,948 per year.
- Design Engineer: $104,219 per year.
7. Computer Science
Because of technological advancements and man’s acceptance of technology, this industry has become one of the most lucrative. Computer science encompasses many areas, including algorithms, computation theory, and information theory. It aims to comprehend computer systems and how they might be used to business concerns. Businesses and institutions are embracing computerized technologies to improve their business processes in this day and age, which opens up additional prospects for computer science majors.
Computer Science Employment Prospects And Their Average Yearly Income Ranges
- Software Development Engineer: $145,675 per year.
- Software Engineer Lead: $194,002 per year.
- Software Applications Engineer: $121,422 per year.
- Solutions Architect: $223,950 per year.
- Data Engineer: $115,443 per year.
8. Information technology (IT)
This is another field that falls within the STEM umbrella. The study of both the hardware and software components of a computer system is referred to as information technology. Computers are used to generate, process, store, retrieve, and exchange data and information. It is related to information and communication technologies. When it comes to information and communication technologies, information technology professionals are in high demand. This field also has a lot of lucrative work prospects.
Information Technology Employment Prospects And Their Average Yearly Income Ranges
- Hardware Engineer: $98,606 per year.
- Senior Software Engineer: $172,265 per year.
- Data Engineer: $115,443 per year.
- Security Engineer: $142,436 per year.
- Data Scientist: $152,262 per year.
9. Management Science
The field of management science is vast. In general, management science appears to help firms reach their goals by utilizing the scientific process.
There are numerous options available in the STEM discipline of management science. With a management science major, for example, you can work as a project manager. You will be in charge of supervising the project, managing the products and processes involved, and ensuring that everything runs well.
Management Science Employment Prospects And Their Average Yearly Income Ranges
- Management Analyst: $93,000 per year
- Senior Business Intelligence Analyst: $87,213 per year
- Business Systems Senior Analyst: $77,218 per year.
- Product Development Actuary: $105,900 per year.
- Senior Management Consultant: $93,000 per year.
10. Agriculture Engineering
Agricultural Engineering may not have a fancy ring to it, but it is just as important as other disciplines. It requires employing engineering principles to achieve the desired objectives. It incorporates subjects such as mechanical, civil, electrical, food science, environmental, software, and chemical engineering to improve the overall view and efficiency of farms and the agricultural industry as a whole. They also create tools to aid in farming activities. Agricultural engineers in the United States earn $82,640 per year, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. This course is offered in schools such as the University of California, David, and Purdue University, among others.