How to Start Poultry Farming in Nigeria (Beginners’ Guide)

In Nigeria’s agricultural sub-divisions, poultry farming is listed as the most commercialized among all. The livestock industry is very important to the socio-economic growth of Nigeria. Livestock farming contributes about 10% of the agricultural GDP to the economy of Nigeria, whereas UNDP 2016 report pointed to a total of 150.682 million chickens in Nigeria. Here we will show you how to start poultry farming in Nigeria.How to Start Poultry Farming in Nigeria

What is layer farming?

Layer farming simply means the production of eggs from layers of poultry chickens for the purpose of selling to make profits.

How to set up poultry farm in nigeria

If you want to start your poultry farming in Nigeria, follow the step-by-step guidelines presented below:

1. Acquire a Land for Your Poultry

The first thing to do to begin your journey of poultry business is to purchase a land in a secluded location close to a city. The choice of a remote area stems from the fact that you can buy a land at a cheap price in such areas, although the cost of land is always determined by the owner of the land. Here, your negotiation skills come to play.

2. Build the Poultry Pen/Structure

To manage your birds effectively, keep them protected, it is very crucial to erect a suitable structure to keep them. Whereas poultry pen is categorized according to farm size and management system, the most common types used in Nigeria are semi-fold, deep litter, half litter, battery and half slats.

3. Buy Day Old Chickens

Upon completing the poultry house, the next point of action is to buy the chickens. It is most important you buy healthy day old chickens. The price range is from N500 to N1000 per chicken.

Poultry equipment needed for poultry farming

  • Incubator
  • Perches
  • Nests
  • Lighting system
  • Waste disposal system
  • Feeders
  • Drinkers
  • Cages
  • Coops
  • Egg tray

Poultry equipment and their prices in Nigeria

  • Battery Cages PVC Feeder – 2, 000
  • Regular Drinkers for chicks (12 pieces) – 2, 700-74, 000
  • Egg Crates (Bundle) – 5, 400
  • Ground feeding for chicks (Bundle) – 2, 950
  • Hollow Feeders – 2, 500
  • Bell Drinker (floor-reared) – 7, 500
  • Hanging Feeder (Plastic) – 6, 000


Please, note that the prices of poultry equipment highlighted above are subject to change. To get the market’s current prices of equipment, we advise you make research in order to know the exact amount to align your budget with the result of your market research.

Source: Nyscinfo

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