The Difference Between B.Sc, HND, OND, and NCE

The choices between Bachelor’s Degree (B.Sc), Higher National Diploma (HND), Ordinary National Diploma (OND), and Nigeria Certificate Examination (NCE) are essential. This article will shed light on the unique attributes of each, aiding prospective students in making informed decisions about their educational journey.

A clear understanding of these degrees is essential for making informed educational decisions.

1. Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) Degree

  • B.Sc is typically a 4-5 year program pursued at universities.
  • It includes specialized variations like B.Tech and B.Ed, distinguished by the chosen discipline.
  • A degree certificate is awarded upon successful completion of academic programs in University.

2. Higher National Diploma (HND)

  • Offered in Polytechnics and Monotechnics, HND follows the completion of a 2-year Ordinary National Diploma (OND) program.
  • A mandatory 1-year Industrial Training precedes enrollment in the HND program.
  • HND is known for its practical orientation, making graduates sought after by government and private institutions.
  • Unlike B.Sc, admission is based on the school’s screening test, without the need for Jamb or UTME examination.

3. Ordinary National Diploma (OND or ND)

  • Granted by Polytechnics or Monotechnics upon completing an OND program usually 2 years.
  • Progression options include further study at the same institution or a university.
  • Poly/Monotechnics typically take 2 years for HND, while universities require 2-3 years for a B.Sc, starting from 200L.
  • Admission to ND programs involves writing JAMB and Post UTME/admission screening.

4. Nigeria Certificate Examination (NCE)

  • A three-year program in Colleges of Education in Nigeria, leading to an NCE award.
  • Admission involves writing JAMB or obtaining the college’s form, meeting specified requirements.
  • Graduates may choose to proceed to a university through the JAMB direct entry admission process.


Choosing the right educational path is crucial for personal and professional development. This guide aims to provide clarity on the differences between various academic degrees in Nigeria, helping individuals make informed decisions about their academic journey.

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