In this article, we shall provide guidline on how to join Nigeria Navy. Read carefully for proper understanding!
Nigeria Navy was known to be the colonial Nigerian Marine Department of the Royal Navy (RN), established to extend the British’s interest in the West African subregion. Their functions as of then included:
a. Port security and examinations.
b. Provision of security for RN ships on patrol duties within Nigeria.
c. Ferry services.
d. Pilotage duties.
e. Servicing of buoys and lighthouses.
The nationalists were not impressed with these duties, as can be seen in a statement by Mr. LL Olakunle, a Member of Parliament in 1956 where he noted “If we must have a Nigerian Navy, then we must have something along with the pattern of the British Navy.”
As a result of this pressure, the colonial Marine Department was disbanded. It was put together as the Nigerian Naval Force (NNF) in April 1956 with 250 officers and men of the disbanded Marine Department.
It was later renamed Naval Defence Force (NDF) of Nigeria. They started operation on 1 June 1956, with 11 assorted ships and crafts inherited from the erstwhile colonial Marine Department of the RN and was legally established as a force and re-designated Royal Nigerian Navy-a a mark of allegiance to the Queen of England on 1 May 1958.
However, when Nigeria reached its republican status in 1963, the prefix ‘Royal’ was dropped and gave rise to the Nigerian Navy, which came into being legal through the Act of Parliament No 21 of 1964.
Nigeria Navy has a majorly sat seapower role- military power that functions at sea: on the sea’s surface, underneath it or in the air, and other standardized positions.
Worldwide, navies have standardized roles generally and are classified into three by Ken Booth, a maritime strategist: military, policing, and diplomatic.
1. Military Role
This includes; Projection of force function and balance of power function.
2. Policing Role
This is about the territorial waters, the maintenance of law, and order within this area. With the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) stretching to 200nm seaward, there is always the need to extend this role beyond the territorial waters. The functions of the Navy under this role are Coastguard duties and Nation-building functions.
3. Diplomatic Role
This is majorly about the management of foreign policy short of the actual employment of Force. The Navy’s functions under this role include Negotiation from a position of strength, manipulation, and prestige.
The Parliamentary Act No 21 of 1964, which legally established the NN, charged the Force with the following responsibilities:
a. The naval defense of Nigeria.
b. Assisting in the enforcement of customs laws.
c. Training in maritime duties.
d. Undertaking hydrographic surveys.
e. Such other duties as the Council of Ministers may from time to time direct.
When these responsibilities are looked into because of changes in the environment, threat perception, new alliances, and defense arrangements, it doesn’t tally with the standardized roles of navies worldwide, as earlier mentioned.
Therefore, through the recommendation of a committee, forwarded a paper to the Ministry of Defence for a memorandum to the Government for the review of the responsibilities enumerated by the Act, the Armed Forces Act Cap A20 Laws of the Federation of Nigeria charged the NN with the following obligations:
a. Enforcing and assisting in coordinating the enforcement of all Customs Laws, including anti-illegal bunkering, fishery, and immigration laws of Nigeria at sea.
b. Enforcing and assisting in coordinating national and international maritime laws ascribed or acceded to by Nigeria.
c. Making of charts and coordination of all national hydrographic surveys.
d. Promoting, coordinating, and enforcing safety regulations in the territorial waters and EEZ.
e. Any other duty as the President, with the National Assembly’s advice, may from time to time determine.
Aspirants must be or have;
• A Nigerian
• Physically, mentally, and medically fit by going through the Physical, Mental and Psychological Training.
• Between 18-24 years (can be changed).
• A baseline height requirement of 1.7m for men, 1.67m for women
• Must Pass the Medical Test
• Meet Up With Minimum Educational Requirement (WAEC, GCE, and or OND certificates).
• Must Not Be An Ex-convict.
There is always a portal for Nigeria Navy applications. When you click on the portal, follow these guidelines;
- Login to the website (joinnigeriannavy.com); this helps you know the amount and the banks to buy the application voucher.
With the purchased voucher, login to the website again using this format: Card serial number as Username and Card pin as Password.
After logging in, there’s a form you need to fill, be sincere as you are filling the form and submit when you are done.
Print out the registered form.
A notification of the exam date and recruitment center will be sent to you. See Nigerian Navy Recruitment Exam Past Questions & Answers (Free Download).
On the exam day, go to the recruitment center with the following documents:
- Birth Certificate/ Age Declaration
- Parent Consent Form
- 4-5 Recent Passports
- Local Government Identification
- Educational Certificates.
After all these, wait for the release of shortlisted candidates.