Strength In Unity: 10 Most Influential Trade Unions In Nigeria

Nigeria is home to some incredibly powerful trade unions that fight for the rights and well-being of workers across the country. These unions have a long history of advocating for fair treatment, better working conditions, and higher wages. In this blog post, we will explore the importance of trade unions in Nigeria and how they have positively impacted the lives of workers.

What are Trade Unions?

Trade unions are organizations formed by workers to protect their rights and interests. They bring together employees from various industries and professions to collectively negotiate with employers and the government. By joining forces, workers can have a stronger voice and better chances of achieving their goals.

  • Collective Bargaining

One of the primary responsibilities of trade unions is to negotiate with employers on behalf of workers. They strive to secure better wages, improved working conditions, and benefits such as healthcare and paid leave. Through collective bargaining, trade unions can achieve agreements that benefit all workers in a particular industry or company.

  • Advocacy and Representation

Trade unions act as advocates for workers, representing their interests and concerns to employers and the government. They fight against unfair treatment, discrimination, and unsafe working conditions. By standing up for workers’ rights, trade unions ensure that employees are treated with dignity and respect.

  • Education and Training

Trade unions also provide education and training programs to empower workers with the knowledge and skills they need to succeed in their jobs. These programs help workers stay updated on labor laws, health and safety regulations, and other important information that can protect their rights.

10 Most Influential Trade Unions In Nigeria

Nigeria is home to several influential trade unions that have made significant contributions to workers’ rights. Here are a few notable ones:

1. Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC)

The Nigeria Labour Congress is the largest trade union federation in Nigeria. It represents millions of workers across various sectors, including manufacturing, healthcare, education, and transportation. The NLC has been instrumental in advocating for better wages, improved working conditions, and social welfare programs for workers.

2. Trade Union Congress (TUC)

The Trade Union Congress is another prominent trade union federation in Nigeria. It focuses on protecting workers’ rights and promoting social justice. The TUC has been actively involved in campaigns against unfair labor practices and has played a vital role in shaping labor policies in the country.

3. Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU)

The Academic Staff Union of Universities represents university lecturers and researchers in Nigeria. ASUU has been at the forefront of fighting for better funding and infrastructure in Nigerian universities. They have also advocated for improved welfare packages for academic staff, ensuring that they can provide quality education to students.

4. Nigerian Medical Association (NMA)

The Nigerian Medical Association (NMA) is the trade union that registers Nigerian medical doctors and dentists. It is the largest medical association in the West African sub-region, with over 40,000 members. Additionally, it has about 19,000 members in Diaspora. The association’s membership includes doctors and dentists from all six major specialties: Internal Medicine, Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Paediatrics, Public Health, and Laboratory Medicine/Pathology.

The NMA was established in 1951 to protect the interests of medical doctors and dentists across Nigeria. When the association goes on strike, it significantly impacts the health sector, causing a complete halt until their demands for better treatment of their members and an overall improvement of the health system in Nigeria are met. Unfortunately, these strikes can result in loss of lives, and the NMA has faced criticism similar to ASUU for their approach to industrial actions.


The Petroleum and Natural Gas Senior Staff Association of Nigeria (PENGASSAN) is a prominent trade union in Nigeria that focuses on the crucial petroleum sector, which plays a vital role in the country’s economy. PENGASSAN is responsible for over 90% of Nigeria’s exports and 80% of the Federal Government’s revenue, making it a key player in national development. Currently, PENGASSAN is affiliated with the Trade Union Congress of Nigeria (TUCN) and the Industri-All Global Union, which is based in Geneva, Switzerland. This union consists of senior staff members in the oil and gas industry and was officially registered as a trade union on August 15, 1978.

6. Nigerian Association of Resident Doctors (NARD)

The Nigerian Association of Resident Doctors (NARD) is the main organization representing resident doctors across Nigeria. It is affiliated with the Nigerian Medical Association (NMA) and advocates for the rights of resident doctors who are undergoing training at various medical facilities throughout the country. When NARD goes on strike due to issues such as unpaid salaries and insufficient medical resources in Nigerian hospitals, it has a significant impact on the entire nation.

7. Nigeria Union of Teachers (NUT)

The Nigeria Union of Teachers (NUT) was established in July 1931 by merging two teacher associations in Nigeria. These associations were the Lagos Union of Teachers (LUT), founded in 1925 with Rev. Canon J.O. Lucas as its first President, and the Association of Headmasters of Ijebu Schools (AHIS), led by Rev. I.O. Ransome Kuti, formed in 1926

The NUT was officially launched after a meeting held at CMS Grammar School in Lagos on July 8th and 9th, 1931. During this meeting, a Constitution was created and approved, and other Teachers’ Associations from Agege, Ibadan, and Abeokuta were included. The NUT is a prominent trade union in Nigeria with a large membership that includes teachers from both primary and secondary schools. It is worth noting that this union rarely goes on strike.

8. Academic Staff Union of Polytechnics (ASUP)

The Academic Staff Union of Polytechnics (ASUP) is a prominent trade union in Nigeria. Similar to ASUU, it represents academic staff members specifically in Polytechnics. ASUP is affiliated with the Nigerian Labour Congress (NLC) and was established in 1990. The Union’s activities are governed by its constitution, which is approved and published by the Registrar of Trade Unions, Federal Ministry of Labour and Employment in Abuja. These activities are also regulated by the Trade Union’s Act and the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

When ASUP goes on strike, it disrupts academic activities nationwide, although the impact is not as severe as ASUU strikes.

9. National Union of Petroleum and Natural Gas Workers (NUPENG)

The National Union of Petroleum and Natural Gas Workers (NUPENG) is a powerful trade union in Nigeria that is currently affiliated with the Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC). It was officially registered as a Trade Union on August 15, 1978, but its inaugural conference took place on November 2, 1977, at the Cultural Centre in Benin City, Edo State. NUPENG is a union for “blue-collar” workers, specifically junior staff or production workers in the oil and gas industry in Nigeria.

Membership in NUPENG is open to all junior workers involved in various operations within the oil and natural gas industry, such as prospecting, drilling, crude oil and natural gas extraction, pipelines, refining, distribution, and marketing of natural gas and petroleum products, including petroleum tanker drivers. The union holds significant influence, and when they decide to go on strike, it negatively impacts the nation’s economy.

10. Non-Academic Staff Union of Educational and Associated Institutions (NASU)

The Non-Academic Staff Union of Educational and Associated Institutions (NASU) is a prominent trade union in Nigeria. It represents academic workers in the country who are not teachers or lecturers. The union was founded in 1978 and, similar to ASUU, holds significant influence when it comes to initiating nationwide or state strikes in areas where their members are dissatisfied.


Trade unions in Nigeria have played a significant role in improving the lives of workers by advocating for their rights and interests. Through collective bargaining, advocacy, and education, these unions have made positive changes in the working conditions and welfare of employees. As Nigeria continues to develop, trade unions will remain essential in ensuring that workers are treated fairly and have a voice in shaping their future.

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